President Biden declared heat pumps and solar panels essential to national defense – here’s why and the challenges ahead

Solar panels, heat pumps and hydrogen are all building blocks of a clean energy economy. But are they truly “essential to the national defense”?

By Daniel Cohan
June 14, 2022
Photo by American Public Power Association on Unsplash
Daniel Cohan

Daniel Cohan is an Associate Professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Rice University. 

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